Monthly archives for January, 2015
Frank Simmross, Alcor member A-2788, was pronounced clinically dead at 1:33 am on December 19, 2014 in Scottsdale, Arizona. The same day, Simmross, a neurocryopreservation member, became Alcor’s 133rd patient.
Frank Simmross, a Doctor of Pharmacy, was a German National who also had a home in Florida with his wife. He received a late term diagnoses of prostate cancer roughly two years ago and had been receiving treatments in Germany to stave off the continued growth. Despite the treatments, cancer spread to his liver and bone. After being given 6-10 weeks to live by his medical providers, Dr Simmross and his wife traveled to their home in Florida to prepare to come to Scottsdale and enter into hospice. His deteriorating condition ruled out using a commercial airline, but he and his wife were able to pay for an air ambulance.
Dr Simmross arrived in Scottsdale on Saturday December 13, 2014 having completed his paperwork but not yet having provided funding. His membership was only finalized once a cashier’s check was received on the 15th, which turned out to be less than four days before clinical death. After being pronounced at 1:33 am on Friday December 19, stabilization and cooling were initiated immediately and Dr Simmross was brought to Alcor at 2:59 am. CPS continued for another 45 minutes until the cooling rate slowed, indicating that CPS should be discontinued at 19.3 C. A new and faster method of isolating the carotids was used successfully. The perfusion ramp was started at 4:36 am. Flow through the left carotid was weaker than the right, a finding that was easier to make now that the pressure is controlled by the computer. The perfusion ramp was ended at 9:09 am and the cool down program started at 9:27 am.
Daniel Parker, Alcor member A-1350, was declared legally dead on the morning of December 16, 2014 in Torrance, California. Later the same day Parker, a 91-year old neurocryopreservation member, became Alcor’s 132nd patient.
At 8:00 am on Tuesday December 16, 2014, we received an alert from our emergency communications system initiated by the member’s daughter. The time of clinical death was unknown but was probably sometime in the 12 hours prior to discovery at 7:30 am (all times in Arizona time zone). The time of pronouncement was 8:00 am. We discussed several scenarios to cover a lack of knowledge of the conditions. Alcor’s partner, Suspended Animation (SA), was contacted and mobilized rapidly. The SA team arrived a little over two hours after pronouncement and was able to administer medications. The patient was driven in SA’s emergency vehicle and arrived at Alcor at 6:24 pm.
The patient’s (pharyngeal) temperature on arrival at Alcor was around 8C. It was observed that the carotids were big and soft but during the perfusion process large clots were pushed from the vertebrals. Flow was poor from the very beginning. Perfusion was discontinued when brain swelling become obvious. At 9:28 pm, the patient was transferred to a cool down dewar. At 12:45 am on December 17, the bur hole temperature was -43C and the pharyngeal temperature -25C. Eyeball inspection of the data did not show an isotherm, suggesting that we achieved substantial cryoprotection. A CT scan should enable us to confirm or challenge that assumption. Mr Parker reached liquid nitrogen temperature on December 23. He had been a member since September, 1991, and was born in Scotland in 1923.